smart vs informed, intelligent vs trained

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The problem with schools and society in general is the classification of people into smart or not smart. The reason why this happens is that trainers/care takers do not really want to bother training someone to think for several reasons:-

1. It is easier to deal with people once they have been categorized
2. It is a little bit tricky to get someone engaged into thinking when in larger groups
3. It will increase the work load
4. The necessary skill sets are not available
5. Lack of financial incentive
6. Lack of a sense of responsibility when it comes developing someone
7. The focus on getting grades
The result of this is that students do not really understand the concept of development. They think of themselves as either smart or not. Critical thinking is something that is severely under-utilized, as a result independent thought and additional reading/discussions/exposure are virtually non-existent.

http://www.opencolleges.edu.au/informed/features/what-does-it-mean-to-be-intelligent/
https://www.thepensters.com/blog/smart-intelligent-educated/

So below I have posted a collection of links to make sure you understand how

Smart vs Informed

List of books – you should be able to find these online via torrents

http://www.onlinecollegecourses.com/2009/07/30/the-100-essential-books-you-should-have-read-in-college/ - Story of Philosophy – Will Durrant is an excellent thought provoking book
http://www.onlinecollegecourses.com/2011/12/19/30-essential-reads-for-philosophy-majors/
http://io9.gizmodo.com/5983100/22-science-books-that-are-so-exciting-they-read-like-genre-fiction
http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/news/the-50-books-every-child-should-read-2250138.html
http://oedb.org/ilibrarian/100-all-time-greatest-popular-science-books/
http://thoughtcatalog.com/ryan-holiday/2013/11/practical-philosophy/
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCShHFwKyhcDo3g7hr4f1R8A

torrents for Books
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/6171820/The_Classic_Novels_Collection
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/7211274/Huge_Philosophy_Ebook_Collection
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/4732256/ebook_collection_-_425_science_fiction_and_fantasy_ebooks
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/9982070/Fantasy_Fiction_Ebook_Collection(730_ebooks)_[PDF_EPUB]
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/3589638/A-Z_Non-Fiction_Ebook_Collection
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/16336681/The_Cambridge_Companions_to_Philosophy_Series_[91_books]
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/10979549/A_Philosophy_Collection_(Kindle_Books)
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/4190896/270__Popular_Science_Books
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/6908483/800__Science_Fiction_and_Fantasy_Books

Issues related to reading: also check intensive reading vs extensive reading

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5kB7GgLlR7M
http://www.opencolleges.edu.au/informed/features/the-difference-between-skilled-learners-and-good-students/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16024719
http://www.teachthought.com/learning/learning-beyond-the-curriculum/
https://www.animalsciencepublications.org/publications/jas/pdfs/83/8/0831972
http://www.bellarmine.edu/docs/default-source/faculty-development-docs/08-why-students-dont-read.pdf?sfvrsn=2
https://keystoliteracy.com/blog/challenging-text/
https://us9.proxysite.com/process.php?d=w7h2vAom1U0cO6UTuLVOYFenL9zH0bEjUqyCW9h31ubvN3pDBzvAV1fwEfoStGow+fYYWCD75EP8A6p0ovdWr7P6r8ArZQmNv/oBulE6+3wRA15IDegljacmq+e6X3CXgokvGXMXVX3Umw==&b=1&f=norefer
https://www.leeandlow.com/educators/a-more-diverse-reading-list
https://culanth.org/fieldsights/948-why-don-t-students-read

another issue is reading on screens

https://www.fastcodesign.com/3048297/evidence/everything-science-knows-about-reading-on-screens

Intelligent vs Trained
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tu5BRfeF4Y8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cKaWJ72x1rI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JiTz2i4VHFw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HffWFd_6bJ0

The related issue over here is regarding multi-tasking, it does not exist for cognitive tasks otherwise we would be able to talk to multiple people at the same time, so what we really do is task switching and even that has limits, so training is required

http://dspace.ubvu.vu.nl/bitstream/handle/1871/16897/Olivers_Journal of Experimental Psychology - Human Perception and Performance_32(2)_2006_u.pdf?sequence=2
http://www.jelmerborst.nl/pubs/Borst2010.pdf
http://www.psy.vanderbilt.edu/faculty/logan/SchneiderLogan_2009_EncycNeuro.pdf

-------------------------------

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WDW87rZQM0g
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xDUK-qjllIs
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JiTz2i4VHFw
http://www.medicaldaily.com/strong-early-reading-skills-children-yields-higher-intelligence-later-helps-more-general-cognitive
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cdev.12272/full
http://www.criticalreading.com/critical_reading_thinking.htm
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140724094209.htm
http://www.salisbury.edu/counseling/new/7_critical_reading_strategies.html
https://blog.prezi.com/the-four-different-types-of-learners-and-what-they-mean-to-your-presentations-infographic/
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/jan/23/can-reading-make-you-smarter
http://lifedev.net/2009/06/reading-makes-you-better/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8447247
http://ctl.byu.edu/tip/five-keys-helping-students-read-difficult-texts
https://case.edu/writing/pedsem/Bean_ReadingDifficultTexts.pdf
http://www.eslkidstuff.com/blog/classroom-management/6-different-types-of-esl-learners-and-how-to-teach-them#sthash.Snhg78Kt.dpbs
http://www.lifehack.org/articles/productivity/how-half-an-hour-a-day-can-increase-your-intelligence.html
http://www.psychonomic.org/news/297546/Training-of-intelligence-A-question-of-intelligent-training.htm


Few other issues that almost no one tells young students:-

1.Keeping the neck straight, when student look down to read/write the cervical potion of the spine gets under stress, so raise the computer screen/smarphone/ laptop/ book (use a book stand)

2. The other issue is that of muscular imbalances (check NASM) and the underlying cause of it being sitting, we sit for more than 90% of the day (sitting for almost everything: to eat, to use the laptop, to use our smartphones, to study, travel in a vehicle) but were evolved to move around for a large part of the day, starting around 1.3 million years ago as hunters, then moving to farming 10,000 years ago and finally the office lifestyle of the past 150 years becoming a socio/eco norm for people living in urban areas. So the resulting muscular imbalances play havoc with our ability to focus or stay injury free. After 3 hours of sitting the degenerative gene activates leading to an overall weakening of the body.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropometry
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/9525346/NASM_Essentials_Of_Corrective_Exercise_Training.pdf_Gooner
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/7579991/NASM_Essentials_of_Personal_Fitness_Training_-_Mantesh
https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/4816727/Full_personal_training_-_ACE_and_NASM___ebooks
http://healthcareextreme.com/2015/12/02/you-are-sitting-on-a-bomb-that-will-explode-one-day-the-dangers-of-sitting/

The muscular imbalances affect our ability to sit straight that is with knees & elbows at 90 degree angles, the spine in a neutral position all the way to the neck (the least stressful manner of sitting) and hence, affecting our ability to focus.

3. Understanding the importance of hydration it takes only 2% to slow down the brain. So keep hydrating by sipping some water every 45 minutes or so, drink water after your school time is over

4. Understand the hormones that affect your behavior and brain:
4.1. Cortisol (stress) – water, caffeine, sleep – an imbalance slows you down, the groggy feeling in the morning before school, sleeping with the curtains open can help in waking up with the sunlight regulating your melatonin levels
4.2. Dopamine (pleasure) – exercise
4.3. Endorphins (joy) – exercise
4.4. Insulin, Tryptophan, Serotonin, Melatonin: these interact upon the consumption of too many carbs, in simple terms too many carbs will make you sleepy after lunch and/or stay awake late into the night disrupting your sleep

https://sleepfoundation.org/sleep-topics/food-and-sleep
http://www.livestrong.com/article/492508-can-too-much-sugar-keep-me-awake/
http://www.marksdailyapple.com/7-ways-sabotaging-good-sleep/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyQY8a-ng6g

5. Reduce sugar intake gradually it is killing your brain

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/06/sugar-brain-mental-health_n_6904778.html
http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/features/your-brain-on-sugar#1
 
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WOAH!!!!!
That is some really astounding job you have done there. (y) It is, without doubt, a very important issue that needs to be addressed and you have that amazingly. Haven't gone through all of it yet (obviously :p) but I have, myself, wanted to do it but never really had the time/resources to do it in a proper manner. Though I do plan to go through all of this......... it looks very interesting :D
 
Messages
467
Reaction score
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Points
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WOAH!!!!!
That is some really astounding job you have done there. (y) It is, without doubt, a very important issue that needs to be addressed and you have that amazingly. Haven't gone through all of it yet (obviously :p) but I have, myself, wanted to do it but never really had the time/resources to do it in a proper manner. Though I do plan to go through all of this......... it looks very interesting :D
https://www.xtremepapers.com/community/threads/for-science-students.46132/
https://www.xtremepapers.com/community/threads/theory-of-evolution.46148/#post-976282
 
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I have noticed that most students are not taught how to cite research papers or any source for that matter, as a result they tend to rely on blogs/youtube videos that do not cite peer reviewed research papers or other reliable sources

Description and an example of an academic journal
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_journal
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2304/elea.2005.2.1.39


For citations, references and research methods
APA format
MLA format
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Citing_sources
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Research#Research_methods
http://site.citationproject.net/about/research-methods/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scholarly_peer_review
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exploratory_research
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methodology
https://www.ncsu.edu/labwrite/res/res-citsandrefs.html
http://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-citation-and-vs-reference/
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/

the video below for example has references (in the description) and explanations for each reference, this is pretty much what a reliable video looks like (however, you will NOT use this as part of a research paper as a reference/citation)

but for general discussion it is a good enough video assuming you have checked the references with published peer review research papers or books that have references/citations (some books do not)

you can do the same with videos/blogs that do NOT provide with references or use them properly, you just fact check each issue raised by unreliable videos

even at times Wikipedia's citations can have mistakes so it is better to check the references for yourself
 
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